Lake Baikal in Russia, a landscape from another planet

If we normally like to know each and every one of the details of our planet, today we will visit a place that could rather be part of a different world from ours. We discovered Lake Baikal in Russia, A landscape like never before.

How is Lake Baikal in Russia

We are approaching today until Russia, the largest country on the planet, capable of separating and joining at the same time two continents, Asia and Europe, to know this unique place in the world. Lake Baikal is located in the southern part of the vast expanse of Siberia.

Lake Baikal - Serg Zastavkin

Between Irkutsk in the northern area and Buryatia in the southern part we stumble upon a huge lake whose name derives from the Tatar language, and whose meaning is "rich lake", that is, "Bai-Kul." Other people know him as the "Pearl of Asia" or the "Blue Eye of Siberia."

"Russia is a riddle, shrouded in mystery, within an enigma."

-Winston Churchill-

Why visit Lake Baikal in Russia

Lake Baikal, located in the Asian area of ​​the country, is worth visiting for different reasons. We have to remember that its beauty and uniqueness is such that it was not named a World Heritage Site in 1996 by chance.

Lake Baikal - Katvic

Among other unique features that we find in Lake Baikal is its depth. No other lake in the whole world reaches 1,680 meters piercing the earth. In addition, it owns 20% of the reserves of non-frozen fresh water worldwide.

This incredible lake has immense proportions. Its surface reaches almost 32,000 square kilometers, having a length of more than 630 kilometers and more than 80 kilometers wide.

Not only is it the largest freshwater lake in the world, it is also the deepest. In total, there are more than 23,000 km³ of water, so it is not strange that the inhabitants of the area consider it as a sea, calling it the “Sacred Sea”, the “Dalái-Nor” in their native language.

Lake Baikal - Katvic

According to studies, Lake Baikal has existed for some 30 million years between mountains. On the north we find the Baikal mountains and receives a total of 336 tributaries that supply water throughout the year.

Among the most important rivers that die in the lake we have the Selengá, which unfortunately today is the main reason for contamination of Baikal. Others that reach its shores are the Jilok, the Udá, the Chikói or the Barguzín.

The fauna and flora on Lake Baikal

It is also worth highlighting Lake Baikal its flora and fauna, very rich and varied. In total, some 2,500 species among which more than 1000 vegetables, more than 200 types of algae and a huge variety of animals that populate its coasts stand out.

One of the most unique and unique mammalian animal species that lives inside the lake is the Baikal seal. The others live in its surroundings and give color to a unique sea that stands out for the clarity of its waters.

Lake Baikal - ALEKSANDR RIUTIN

Another unique species that established Lake Baikal as its place of residence is the ómul fish, which in many areas throughout the place is sold smoked for visitors and people in the area.

In addition, in the perimeter we find more species, especially bears and deer, that are sighted with some ease from some parts of the lake. It is very typical that they are hunted by the inhabitants of the place.

How to see Lake Baikal

One of the biggest attractions that Trans-Siberian travelers enjoy, very famous in literature and cinema, is to observe the lake from their wagons. In addition, at the stops it is typical to buy the smoked umur fish, as we already mentioned.

Lake Baikal - Marina Khlybova

However, you can visit if you reach the surrounding cities. These are the case of Ulan-Ude, Irkutsk, the most important of the place, Severobaikalsk or the settlement that is known as Listvianka.

But if you like hiking, trekking, outdoor walks and adventure, the best option is to follow the Great Baikal trail, It includes a system of roads that offers exceptional views of the nature and landscape of the lake.

There is no doubt that Lake Baikal is one of the most impressive natural monuments in the Eurasian country and from the whole world. Overwhelming views of a formation that looks like another planet.

Video: Earth from Space: Lake Baikal (February 2020).

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