Moscow, the capital of Russia, is a beautiful and immense city. It is the second most populous city in Europe, with around 12 million inhabitants. In it important political, scientific, economic and cultural events have taken place, both in the country and in the region.
Here are 7 places in Moscow that you should visit if you arrive in the Russian capital.
1. Bolshoi Theater
His name means "great theater" in Russian. The first building was inaugurated in 1780.Bolshoi Theater - Catarina Belova / Shutterstock.com
He suffered three fires, the first of them in 1805. Rebuilt in 1808, the building was burned again four years later, the product of the Napoleonic wars. After the war, the theater was built in the Teatralnaya Square, which is where it is currently. In 1853 the building was largely damaged by another fire and finally rebuilt in 1856.
The Bolshoi Theater is an important Russian cultural icon and of great importance worldwide. The value of the tickets fluctuates between € 130 and € 195.
2. Red Square
It was founded in the fifteenth century. Its current name derives from the word "krasnyi", which in ancient Russian means "beautiful", although in current Russian it is translated as "red".Red Square - Zarya Maxim Alexandrovich / Shutterstock.com
During the 20th century the Red Square was an important meeting point for various activities, from demonstrations to military parades or concerts.
Around the Red Square are important buildings such as St. Basil's Cathedral, the State History Museum, the GUM shopping center and the Lenin Mausoleum.
It is a set of buildings composed of cathedrals, churches and palaces. Its origin dates from 1156, when Prince Yuri Dolgoruki ordered its construction.
At the end of the 15th century, the white stone walls were replaced by those we can see today. These walls have 20 brick towers. Its highest tower, the Trinity, allows access to the enclosure.Kremlim - Valery Shanin / Shutterstock.com
Over the centuries different types of buildings have been built in the Kremlin. The most recent construction is the Palacio de Congresos, erected in 1961.
Access to the Kremlin is made prior to buying a ticket that costs approximately € 9.
4. Cathedral of Christ the Savior
This huge cathedral belongs to the Russian Orthodox Church. It was built in the 19th century in honor of the Russian victory over Napoleon. Around 40 years were needed for its construction and it opened to worship in 1883.San Salvador Cathedral - cesc_assawin / Shutterstock.com
In 1931 it was demolished under Stalin's order in order to build the Palace of the Soviets,but World War II made the works remain unfinished. In 1994, the cathedral was rebuilt.
The Cathedral of Christ the Savior is located on the banks of the Moskva River and near the Kremlin. The highest part reaches 103 meters and its surface is 6,805 m2. On the way to the main hall there are marble panels in which you can see paintings showing Russian military victories.
Access to the cathedral is free and can be done with a guide.
5. Arbat Street
This is one of the oldest streets in the city of Moscow. It is divided into the Old Arbat and the New Arbat. It has a length of approximately one kilometer.Arbat Street - Xiquinho Silva / Flickr.com
Since the 18th century, Arbat Street has been characterized as an abode of aristocrats, writers, artists and poets. Today it is considered one of the most bohemian streets of the city. Street performers, such as portraitists and musicians, are part of this place.
6. Moscova River
It has a length of 502 kilometers. The part of the river that crosses the city from northwest to southeast has a length of 80 kilometers.
You can navigate the Moskva River for a good part of the year, but in the winter season it is impossible, since the river freezes.Moscova River - pedrosala / Shutterstock.com
One of the recommended activities to get to know the city is to make a river cruise. It lasts about 1 hour and 30 minutes and has a value of approximately € 10 per adult and € 4 for children.
7. The Vorobyovy hills (Vorobyovy Gory)
His name means "Sparrow Hills". These hills are located on the right bank of the Moskova River. This is one of the highest points in the city, measuring around 220 meters.Vorobyoby - Pavel L Photo and Video / Shutterstock.com
Here is the Vorobyovy State Natural Sanctuary, created in order to protect the wild area of the city. Some institutes belonging to Academies of Russian Sciences and the main building of the Moscow State University are also located, among others.
"Whoever wants to understand Russia has to see Moscow from the Sparrow Hills."
The Russian capital is a city full of wonderful corners, with a great story and the odd mystery. Knowing it thoroughly can take a long time and a good way to start is by going through these seven places that we have shown you.